Following the end of World War One, St. Mawes Castle was handed over from the military to the Department of Works. It was landscaped and opened to the public. However, when war came again, in 1939, the military reoccupied the site.

On Monday 5 August 1940 construction began on a gun emplacement and director tower just to the North West of the castle, along what is now Castle Drive. A Nissen hut was also built alongside the battery and control tower. The gun battery housed twin six pounder quick firing guns intended for defence against German E-boats. The battery, tower and hut can be clearly seen in the below photo, taken in 1947.

St Mawes Castle 1947

On Saturday 16 August 1941, the garrison to man the now completed defences arrived. This consisted of three officers and 112 other ranks belonging to No. 173 Coast Battery. They were accommodated in the castle itself, the St. Mawes Hotel and a private residence, the Haven.

To support the battery four searchlights were installed. These were positioned below the castle just above the waterline. They were also camouflaged. The four rectangular structures that housed the searchlights are clearly visible in the 1947 photo below. The power for these was supplied by a generator housed in the engine room that was built in 1902. The oil store for the generator was located where the car park is today and can be seen in the photos.

Castle 1947 C

Anti-aircraft defence was provided by a 40mm Bofors gun sited on the terrace where there is now a line of cannon. There was also a barrage balloon in the field above the castle; its position is marked on the Luftwaffe aerial photograph below.

Castle German aerial phot

In addition to the primary defences detailed above various other measures were in place:

The gun emplacements dating from 1904, above the castle, were not used. However, the underground magazine built to supply them was utilised as a training venue. A spigot mortar was sited along the road into St. Mawes. Barbed wire was placed around the castle and two roadblocks placed on the road either side of the castle. The locations of the roadblocks and barbed wire can be seen on the plan below, which is on display at Pendennis.

Castle barbed wire

The observation post, the building visible in the photo below on the far side of the field above the castle, was utilised by the Royal Navy.

Castle 1947 A

The military finally vacated the castle in 1956.

  • Hits: 445

Professor Philip John Crosskey Dark 1918 - 2008

Prisoner of War

Sub-Lieutenant Philip Dark, a resident of St. Mawes, became a prisoner of war following capture when participating in the raid on St. Nazaire on March 28th, 1942. He recorded his wartime experiences in sketches and paintings.

Philip was born and brought up in London. He attended Broadfield School and then, after a year at medical school, went to St. Martins and Central School of Art. At the beginning of WW2, he volunteered for service in the Royal Navy and soon became a junior officer.

At the beginning of 1942 Philip was a sub-lieutenant serving as first officer aboard HMML 306. His commanding officer was lieutenant Ian Henderson. As part of 28th flotilla they were operating out of ports along the south coast from Cornwall to Hampshire escorting coastal convoys, though their main base was Falmouth.

One day, as recalled by crew member Ralph Batteson, they were at sea when they suddenly noticed all the other shipping had disappeared. Realising this was because of an approaching storm they started to head into Falmouth. However, they were caught by the storm before making it to port. The heavy seas knocked the forward twin Hotchkiss gun from its mounting, but the gun barrels had penetrated the deck preventing the gun from going overboard. This was a more serious problem than if the whole assembly had gone overboard as it was moving about and making the boat unstable. This meant the crew had to lash the gun down to stop it moving about. Batteson recalls that, while they were doing this, he lost track of Philip Dark. Fearing he had gone overboard, Batteson turned to the oilskin clad man next to him and, using the crew’s nickname, asked “Where’s Jimmy-the-One?”. The man he asked turned out to be Philip Dark.

As a result of the incident with the gun the boat had to be repaired. During the repair, the opportunity was taken to add additional fuel tanks and replace the Hotchkiss guns with Oerlikons. These changes equipped the boat for the St. Nazaire raid. Had the repairs not been needed the boat may not have been selected for the raid as it was new and a boat needing dockyard time anyway would have been selected to be refitted. This is borne out by Batteson’s recollection that he was the only one on the course he was sent on to prepare him for the raid who was not recalled from leave. Leave would usually be granted to crewmen when their vessel was in dockyard hands for routine maintenance,

The course of the raid is described in detail in the entry about Ian Henderson.

Philip Dark The Raid on St Nazaire February 1942 MeisterDrucke 622907

The Raid on St. Nazaire

During the raid Philip Dark received a minor leg wound; he recalls only noticing it because his trouser leg was wet. Also, the shell that killed Ian Henderson knocked him unconscious for a time. He recovered consciousness shortly after they had surrendered. There being no medic aboard the boat nor a doctor on the German destroyer Jaguar, Philip’s small medical knowledge was employed in treating the wounded.

Philip Dark Friend or Foe ML 306 spotting the German Destroyer Jaguar 53 MeisterDrucke 631954

"Friend or Foe" - ML 306 spotting the German destroyer Jaguar

The following morning, when the Jaguar had docked in St. Nazaire and the wounded were being taken ashore, Philip, as the senior surviving officer, was questioned. Korvettenkapitän Moritz Schmidt, commander of the flotilla and captain of the Seeadler, came aboard Jaguar. His interrogation of Philip being interrupted by the explosion of the Campbelltown.

Philip Dark The Raid on St Nazaire the British wounded of Operation Char MeisterDrucke 628076

"The Raid on St, Nazaire - The British Wounded"

The Nazi propaganda image depicts soldiers of the German Wehrmacht with captured British soldiers in Saint-Nazaire in France which was occupied by the Wehrmacht. The photo was taken in March 1942. Photo: Berliner Verlag / Archive (Photo by Berliner Verlag/Archiv/picture alliance via Getty Images)

Prisoners at St. Nazaire (Philip Dark on the left)

st Nazaire funeral

Prisoners at Burial Party After St. Nazaire Raid (Philip Dark on the right)

For the first twenty days after capture the prisoners were kept in France. Then they were moved by train to a POW camp called Milag near Bremen in Germany for interrogation. They were stripped of all their personal belongings and lived in 8 large and 2 small rooms. The men were tightly packed in and worse was the lack of food. The main meal of the day was a bowl of sauerkraut, too acid to digest and a few spuds. Sometimes they had thin soup instead. Also 1 loaf of bread was shared between 7 men each day. Sometimes they also had a small amount of butter or sugar or a bit of cheese. 4 cauldrons of coffee were left for them throughout each day, but this was often used for washing and shaving. They did have a selection of books and reading helped them to pass the time. The men referred to Milag as “The Black Hole”.  Occasionally Red Cross parcels arrived, and 3 or 4 men shared a parcel.

The prisoners were moved to the Aunahmelager. The men had to walk, and many were weak from lack of food. Conditions were somewhat better here but Philip started to feel lonely and homesick. He had been married to Mavis just 3 weeks before the mission began. He expressed his feelings through poetry and drawing. In this camp they were constantly subjected to inspections, searches and constantly being marched to the parade ground to stand to attention for much of the day before being counted.

Philip and his naval group were next moved to Marlag O camp. This camp contained Naval Officers, from the Allied forces. Fortunately, among them were two army medical officers and a dental officer from New Zealand. They were able to attend to the medical needs of the captives. However, they had very little equipment or drugs and so the treatment was very basic and often very painful. Among the officers there was an amazing variety of professional qualifications and the men were able to set up classes to study subjects including law, accounting, music art and languages. It was here that Philip first studied anthropology, under an American marines officer, Walter W. Taylor. For their entertainment they put on musical shows, plays and art and craft exhibitions. 

Philip Dark Possibly Lieutenant R Ronny O C Swayne MC ML 306 1 Commando Milag Westertimke Lower Saxony April 1942

"Lieutenant R (Ronny) O C Swayne"

The camp was surrounded by high barbed wire fences with guard posts called “Tiger Boxes” Inside the fence was a playing field and an area where some men had tried, unsuccessfully, to grow vegetables in the sandy soil to supplement their meagre diet. This was improved only by the arrival of Red Cross Food Parcels. Various ingenious attempts were made to escape by digging tunnels or scraping away sand beneath the wire fencing. The problems of disposing of the sand, forging passports and creating deceits were treated very seriously. When an escape was successful the remaining captives were punished by continuous searching, the halting of classes and all other activities.

As the years passed Philip found that, to maintain his sanity, he had to occupy his mind. He turned to writing poetry, drawing, sketching, recording the situation in the camp, activities taking place and views of the camp. These were mostly pencil sketches reflecting the drabness of the camp. When Mavis, his wife, was informed of his capture she was able to send him a large parcel of 17 pots of gouache paint and some pastel crayons.

Philip Dark Barbed wire itis or Claustrophobia Marlag O Westertimke Lower Saxony

"Barbed-wire-itis or Claustrophobia"

On 9th April 1945, the prisoners received news that they were moving. Instructions were that they could only carry two blankets two Red Cross Parcels and a spare pair of boots. After three days walking, they suffered blisters, sore shoulders and fatigue. They had been shot at by two groups of Allied planes who thought they were Germans. They all had to dive into a ditch or run for cover under a hedge. Several were killed and many others injured. Their journey took them around Hamburg. They were shocked by the total destruction of the city. They were heading for Lübeck. Thousands of prisoners were gathering in Lübeck trying to cook food and find out what was going on. On May 3rd they heard tanks and gun fire. A British convoy of tanks and other vehicles had arrived to great cheers from the POWs. The British Officers rounded up the Germans and the POWs realised they were free. Philip had spent three years, one month and seven days in captivity.

Philip was a talented artist, photographer and Emeritus Professor of Anthropology at South Illinois University. He became a leading authority on tribal arts, particularly of Benin and the Pacific.

In retirement, Philip Dark moved to live in St Mawes with his wife Mavis in 1978. He continued his interests in art and photography, leaving his large collection of photographs recording local events and activities to our Heritage Group.

A large number of the paintings and sketches Philip made during the war can be seen here https://www.meisterdrucke.uk/artist/Philip-Dark.html

  • Hits: 637

Charles Pears

Charles Pears

Charles Pears was born in the quiet market town of Pontefract, Yorkshire on 9 Sept. 1873. A professional illustrator from the time he was 17, Charles did his duty in the Royal Marines as an officer in World War I, although in his 40s at the time. He also served as an official war artist through the Second World War, by then in his later 60s, but still on the list of the Royal Naval Reserve.

Pears Picture 2

The Bombing of the British Chancellor in Falmouth Docks, 10 July 1940

Many of the ships he captured are immortalised nowhere else and it is through his scholarship that generations who will never know the experience of a true leviathan ship of war may gaze upon his art and remember.

Charles Pears was a founder member of the Royal Society of Marine Artists, a member of both the Royal Institute of Painters in Watercolour and the Royal Institute of Oil Painters and the first elected President of the Society of Marine Artists, A thorough Englishman, he made his peacetime living by drawing and painting captivating travel images for the Empire Marketing Board and British Railways as well as for periodicals like Punch and The Yellow Book. Between 1902 and 1933, with a break for his wartime service, he illustrated more than 50 books, ranging from A Christmas Carol to The Great War. He came to live permanently in St Mawes in 1946 and though he died in 1958 aged 84, his art is timeless.

Pears Picture 1

  • Hits: 564

Dwight Shepler was born on 11 August 1905 in Everett, Massachusetts. He graduated from Williams College in 1928. In 1942 he received a commission from the US Navy's officer-artist program and was initially sent to the South Pacific where he painted the landings at Guadalcanal and the Battle of Santa Cruz.

Shepler and others

U.S. Navy artists, (left to right), Lieutenant William F. Draper, Lieutenant Dwight C. Shepler, and Lieutenant Mitchell Jamieson, conferring with Lieutenant Commander Parsons in the Navy Office of Public Relations, Washington, D.C., November 20, 1944. NHHC 80-G-47096

In 1943 he came to Britain to record the Normandy landings. First going to Northern Ireland in October 1943. Later he came to Cornwall to record the build up to the invasion. While here he painted several scenes in Falmouth and St. Mawes as well as elsewhere along the coast as far afield as Devon and Dorset. On D-Day itself he recorded the landings from the destroyer USS Emmons off the Utah and Omaha beachheads. He later went ashore to record scenes on and around the US landing beaches. Shepler then went home to Massachusetts to create more detailed paintings from his sketches and film footage.

Ancient Cornwall Watches

Ancient Cornwall Watches

Platypus of Falmouth

Platypus of Falmouth

St Mawes Rendezvous

St. Mawes Rendezvous

He later returned to the Pacific to observe the landings and operations in the Philippines. He again took all the images back home to create the last of over 300 paintings. He retired from the service with the rank of commander and was awarded the Bronze Star.

After the war he continued to paint landscapes, sport scenes and portraits in watercolour. He remained active in his later days as an educator and the President of the Guild of Boston Artists. He died on 2 September 1974 in Weston, Massachusetts.

  • Hits: 541

Newspaper Articles

The following articles all appeared in the Western Morning News between 1939 and 1945. They all relate to St. Mawes and St. Just in Roseland in some way, either directly or by being about someone connected to the parish. They are presented in chronological order.

Thursday 31 August 1939

LAND ARMY WORK IN CORNWALL

Recruiting Progress

OVER 100 WOMEN VOLUNTEER

Cornwall Women's Land Army is now getting under way, and the present strength is 102, but this number, according to Mrs. P. Pollard, of St. Mawes, the secretary, is altogether too small.

In an interview last night, Mrs. Pollard told " The Western Morning News" that 30 farmers in the county had offered to take volunteers, and of this number more were in the east than in the west. Training had been started, and about twelve girls had either completed their fortnight's training or were arranging to go for training.

Miss Collett, of Quenchwell, near Truro, at the start some time ago took volunteers by arrangement with the Women's Farm and Gardening Association, of which she is a representative. About half a dozen are in training with farmers in different parts of the county, and others are training with farmers whom they know, but this private training will count as connected with the Land Army.

TRAINEES TAKEN FREE.

" The Ministry," Mrs. Pollard said, " have now said that in the event of war they will pay 15s. per week for the board and lodging of volunteers to the farmers, but at the moment farmers in Cornwall are giving accommodation and training free. In the county we could not ask volunteers, to pay that, and appealed to farmers to take them without any payment, and they responded to the extent of 30, who will take trainees free.

"There are a lot of people who in the event of war will take volunteers, and many farmers      will want female workers. The demand will no doubt be greater than the supply.

"We are grateful," Mrs. Pollard added. "to the Agricultural Committee the county for helping us by offering classes in every branch of farm work, and we are asking volunteers to take advantage of that."

Mrs. Bolitho is chairman of the Cornwall Women's Land Army, and the county has been divided into districts corresponding with the electoral divisions, and assistance is invited for the five divisional officers who have been appointed.

They are:—St. Ives—Mrs. Favell, Penzance. Camborne—Mrs. Ward, Camborne. North-East Cornwall —Miss Ruth Cruddas, Bodmin. South-East Cornwall—Miss Winifred Roberts, Torpoint. Falmouth and Penryn—Miss Dorrien- Smith.

AIMING AT 500 TOTAL.

Miss Calmady-Hamlyn, of Okehampton, is undertaking the duties of publicity and propaganda officer.

The ultimate aim is to create a machine similar to that which proved so successful during the Great War. This entailed parish registers, with local supervisors.

Recruiting is proceeding slowly. The object of the " Army " in Cornwall is to gain as many enlistments as possible, a total of 500 being regarded as the minimum. is anticipated that should an emergency occur the rate of intake will be increased rapidly. The broccoli-growing community is expected to be particularly helpful.

The following two pieces both relate to an incident when eight servicemen drowned after attending a dance in St. Mawes.

Tuesday 01 October 1940

Eight Drowned After Dance

ALL SERVICE MEN

Boat Capsizes In Cornwall

Eight Service men were drowned after attending a dance at St. Mawes when a12ft. dinghy, with outboard motor, in which they were returning to St. Anthony, was swamped.

Ten soldiers and two naval men were in the boat. Four were rescued. Three bodies have been recovered and five are missing.

The accident occurred about midnight ton Saturday in the centre of the river off Polvarth Point.

The boat capsized in choppy water.

The men's cries attracted the attention of Mr. Cyril Green, of Brackley Cottage, St. Mawes, who went out in his boat and rescued a soldier, Chas Nisbet, and also found the body of another soldier, Chas-Edward Hughes, a married man, aged 29.

Other soldiers rescued were named Butler, Riley, and Ronald Cook.

BODY ON THE SANDS.

The bodies recovered, in addition to that of Hughes, were those of John Beard,36, married, of Stoke-on-Trent, and Albert Habbajam, 35, married.

The missing men are Sergt. Matthews, soldiers named Kidd and Mullin, and two naval men, P.O.s W. Reed and T. N. Elliott.

Other rescuers followed Mr. Green, but they could not find any more of the men.

Throughout Sunday search parties continued to look for bodies.

Beard's body was found on the sands at Amsterdam Point, St. Anthony, and Habbajam's was recovered with dragnets.

An inquest is be held today.

Wednesday 02 October 1940

INQUEST ON SOLDIERS

St- Mawes Tragedy Story

BOAT OVERLOADED, SAYS CORONER

"THE evidence is perfectly clear that the boat was overloaded and as a result these unfortunate men were accidentally drowned," said the Coroner (Mr. L. J. Carlyon), at an inquest at Truro yesterday on three bodies recovered after the tragedy which occurred at St. Mawes in the early hours of Sunday morning, when eight men were drowned. Five of the bodies are still missing. Four men were rescued.

The inquest was on Gnr. John Beard, 10. Linley-road, Hartshill, Stoke-on- Trent, aged 41, tyremaker; Gnr. Albert Habbajam, 216, Bright-street, Carbrook, Sheffield, aged 48, grinder; and Gnr. Chas Edward Hughes, 55, Queen-road, Tipton, Staffordshire, aged 29, iron and steel bender.

IN WATER HALF AN HOUR.

Gnr. Chas. Nisbet, of Wardlew-street, Edinburgh, said the party went to a dance at St Mawes, and left there some time after midnight. They congregated at the quay. He had had a drink or two, but not sufficient to make him drunk. A naval boat picked them up and all twelve went on board.

"When we were 30 or 40 yards out," continued Gnr Nisbet, "the engine was revved up when the boat started to sway. When we were halfway across the water to St Anthony she capsized suddenly and without any warning. We were all thrown into the water. I clung to the boat to the best of my ability and was picked up after half an hour."

Answering the Coroner, Gnr. Nisbet said a petty officer was in charge of the boat, and they all on board in quite an orderly manner. They went on one by one. and it was suggested it would be all right if they kept quiet and still. The boat was undoubtedly filled, but they were all able to sit down. All the soldiers got on board as well as two sailors.

It was eight or nine miles to go around St. Anthony by road.

The missing men were Sergt. Matthews, Dvr Mullin, Gnr. Kidd, and two sailors. Those rescued were himself. and Gnrs Cook, O'Reilly, and Butler.

ALL SOBER.

The Coroner: Did the man in charge make any remark about the boat being overloaded?

Gnr. Nisbet: No.

The gunwale was only three or four inches above the water, he added, but no one protested that the craft was overloaded.

The Coroner: Was everybody sober?

Gnr. Nisbet: Yes, and there was no skylarking or anything of that kind.

Bdr Ronald Cook, another rescued man, of Kennet-avenue, Colwyn Bay, said someone suggested the boat was rather overcrowded, but the naval man in charge said would be all right. It was quite calm in the harbour, but when they got out there was quite a swell and the boat started to roll.

Someone complained about water coming over the side, and the naval man told them to keep quite still and it would be all right. In about midstream he thought the man in charge was having a job with the boat, and she began to roll even more, and the water came over and they were thrown into the water.

WENT TO RESCUE

The Coroner: Are you able to express any opinion about the boat?

Bdr. Cook replied that the naval rating was confidenthe could get the boat over with all the men, but he found the sea rougher than he expected. The boat must have been overloaded.

Maj Bailey, Have you heard of the order not to cross in a boat after dark?

Bdr. Cook: Yes.

Cyril James Green, of Brackley Cottage, St. Mawes, said about 12.30 on Sunday morning he heard shouts for help. He hastily slipped on trouser and jersey, ran to the quay and got out his boat. He rowed 400 or 500 yards and saw a man in the water, face upwards. He pulled him on board and 30 yards away found a boat upside down with Nisbet clinging to the bottom. He pulled him on board, and then worked on the other man to try to restore life. He took the body to the beach and sent for a doctor.

PETITION MENTIONED

Meanwhile there was another shout for help, and witness sent two young men to try to find those who were missing. His efforts with the other man on the beach were hopeless.

The boat the men had been in was a pram ten or twelve feet long and about four feet beam and normally should carry five persons in fine weather. To have had twelve in it was overcrowding by a long way. A local man would never have gone out in such circumstances.

The Coroner said he had received a petition signed by 133 inhabitants at St. Mawes, in which they said they considered the military authorities should provide some form of motor transport such as a bus service for the men stationed at St. Anthony. Haphazard use of water transport with the approach of winter would inevitably lead to further loss of life.

Maj. Bailey: There is a limit to the transport provided, but there may be some arrangement for men to pay tor going across.

CORONER'S COMMENT.

The Coroner: The evidence perfectly clear. The boat was overloaded, and asa result these unfortunate men were accidentally drowned, and shall return a verdict that effect. The only thing to do is to take steps to prevent anything similar happening in the future.

Mr. Green said he did not agree with some of the wording of the petition, because would be all right to take men across the water with capable men in charge. Some were willing to get them over if the military authorities would only help, but they made no attempt to do so. He had an engine which could be used if the military would provide a suitable boat. The skipper of the Roseland steamer and himself were ready to help.

This next article relates to the raid on Falmouth Docks on 10 July 1940 when two merchant ships were burnt out and a third sunk. The raid is depicted in Charles Pears painting “The Bombing of the British Chancellor”.

Wednesday 30 October 1940

HONOUR FOR PILOT

Falmouth Man's Bid To Save Ships

H.M. Government, recognizing the devotion to duty of masters, officers, and men of the merchant service and fishing fleets, have made awards for outstanding services in saving ships and cargoes from destruction by the enemy.

The following is a list received by Lloyd's of vessels in respect of which awards have been granted: Clan MacBean, Dosinia, Gryfevale, Stonepool, Baharistan, Rockpool, Northern Coast, City of Marseilles, Scottish American, Dunster Grange, Roseburn, Helder, Groningen, Argos Hill, Highlander, John M. Sanfry, Yewkyle, Strinda (Norwegian), Harpenden, Sussex Regent, Lion, Etruria, Lavinia, Rigoletto, Star of Scotland, Katreen, and Windsor.

TOWED SHIP TO ST. MAWES.

Among the awards is: - M.B.E. (Civil Division): Charles Phillips Jackson, pilot, Falmouth.

In a raid merchant ship was struck by a bomb and set on fire. Pilot Jackson, with the assistant dockmaster, cut away her mooring ropes on the wharf. Later Pilot Jackson was put on board the ship, which by this time was burning fore and aft, and he cut away the remaining ropes connecting her with another vessel. He then made fast a tug's tow-ropes to the forward bollards and towed the ship to St Mawes.

On reaching St. Mawes Pilot Jackson came back in another tug and went on board a third merchantman which was on fire. He cut the ropes away from this vessel, and, taking a rope from her into another ship, towed her to Mylor Pool.

A radio broadcast

Tuesday 05 November 1940

CORNISH MUSICAL RADIO FEATURE

RECORDING OF FURRY DANCE INCLUDED

The B.B.C. will present musical entertainment from Cornwall on Thursday in a programme entitled " Cornish Journey," to be broadcast in the Home Service at 8 o'clock.

It is one of the " Music-Makers' Half- Hour " series, and comes as the fruits of a journey made recently through part of Cornwall by Mr. Clifton Helliwell, of the B.B.C. music department, in the recording van.

Mr. F. H. Grisewood, the popular announcer and compere, will introduce the programme, compiled from music met with on the trip.

Listeners will hear St. Austell Ladies' Choir, Penzance Silver Band, Heamoor Male Voice Choir, St. Mawes Choral Society, including an interview with the conductor and a member of the choir, the Mid-Cornwall Male Voice Choir, and Camborne Brass Quartet.

One of the high spots of the programme will be a recording made in the main street of Helston on May 8 this year of the famous Furry Dance.

AIM OF PROGRAMME.

The aim of this programme is to show how, even in wartime, amateur music-makers in country districts carry on with the hobby they love. Some of them came in Home Guard or A.F.S. uniforms to make the recordings; others are fishermen, shopkeepers, miners, land workers, and municipal employees. They perform a wide selection of music, including, of course, some of the grand old traditional tunes of Cornwall.

Three B.B.C. programme departments now situated in the Westcountry combined in the making of " Cornish Journey."

The idea was originated and carried out by Mr. Clifton Helliwell, who normally advises Mr. Leslie Baily. of the variety department, with the musical side of the popular " Everybody's Scrapbook " programmes: so, by way of returning the compliment, Mr. Helliwell enlisted Mr. Baily to give his expert advice on the continuity and presentation of this show.

The production of the programme will be by Mr. Douglas Cleverdon, of the West Region's features and drama department.

The funeral of an artist who did work in St. Mawes

Tuesday 29 April 1941

Newquay Artist Buried

The funeral of Mr. F. R. E. Whiting only son of Mrs. R. M. Whiting and the late Mr. E. R. E. Whiting, of Chumley, Porth-road Newquay, who was killed by enemy action at Plymouth, took place at St. Columb Cemetery on Sunday. Deceased, who was 29. was a native of St. Columb, and as an artist craftsman of great genius had a studio and studio club at Newquay.

 A few years ago he was engaged by Miss Jessie Matthews, the film star, to do the mural paintings at her house at St. Mawes, Cornwall. Canon S. J. Childs Clarke (rector of St. Columb) officiated.

A salvage claim.

Tuesday 17 June 1941

SALVAGE OF GREEK VESSEL

St. Mawes Detention

PIER AND HARBOUR COMPANY'S CLAIM

St. Mawes Pier and Harbour Co. intervened in the Admiralty Court yesterday in the salvage action of the Mari Chandris, a Greek vessel, owned in London, to ask for an order of the Court establishing their title to detain her until their dues at St Mawes were paid, which were said to be about £100, and increasing at £15 a month.

Two claims of salvage had been before the Court for services rendered the vessel after she had been in collision in the Atlantic in June a year ago, and £5,000 had been awarded in the one case to the Zwarte Zee, which took her into Falmouth, and £1,500 in the other to Ellerman Lines, Ltd., the owners of the Algerian, her master and crew, who towed the ship in the Atlantic.

STATUTORY RIGHT.

Mr. Porges contended for the St. Mawes Pier and Harbour Co. that they had under their Acts a statutory right to hold the ship for their dues which took precedence over all maritime liens, and he complained that the £1.500 had been paid by the defendants' underwriters to the salvors, who had thereupon given a consent to the owner for the release of the vessel.

The ship was injured by enemy action, and shipbreakers under a Court's order were now taking the metal out of her for the Government's war effort.

Mr. Justice Langton said he would adjourn the hearing as the defendants were not represented in Court and direct that in the meantime the vessel be not taken away from where she lay at St. Mawes. The payment of the purchaser of the metal would pile up in the Registry for the benefit of the St. Mawes Pier and Harbour Co.

Over the course of the war several reports of St. Mawes residents falling foul of blackout regulations appear in the newspaper. Here is one example.

Tuesday 12 August 1941

ADMIRAL FINED

Black-Out Offence At St. Mawes

Adml. Frank Scott Carlisle, of Sea Rings, St. Mawes, was fined £10 and ordered to pay over £3 in costs at Tregony Police Court yesterday, for a blackout offence.

After saying he had warned defendant on previous occasions, Special Constable Wiley, St Mawes, said lights from defendant's house were showing across the bay.

Defendant, in a statement, said he was expecting evacuees and the black-out arrangements had to be altered.

Giving blood, lots of it!

Thursday 04 September 1941

BLOOD TRANSFUSION

Appreciation Expressed To Cornish Donors

The Army Blood Transfusion Service, Bristol, have written expressing appreciation of the splendid way in which everyone responded and helped to make both days for blood transfusion at St. Mawes so successful.

Altogether, the letter states, some 141 donors gave their blood, which must be quite a large proportion of the total population, setting, in fact, a standard for the whole of Cornwall.

The numbers giving transfusion the othe places visited were:— Bodmin, 19; Camborne, 60; Falmouth, 19; Fowey, 30; Hayle, 31; Helston, 31; Liskeard. 30; Manaccan, 39; Newlyn East, 23; Newquay, 39; Penzance, 40; Perranporth, 33; Padstow, 44; St. Austell. 39; St. Ives, 94; Truro, 27.

  • Hits: 586

St Just & St Mawes Heritage Group ©2018

Powered by Swanky Pixels